AASHTO, 1992. Standard Specifications for Highways Bridges, 15th Edition, The American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, Inc., Washington, D.C.
AASHTO, 1994. LRFD Bridge Design Specifications, Customary U.S. Units, 1st Edition, The American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, Inc., Washington, D.C.
ACI, 1995. Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete (ACI 318-95) and Commentary (ACI 318R-95), American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, Mich.
AISC, 1994. Manual of Steel Construction, Load & Resistance Factor Design, 2nd Edition, American Institute of Steel Construction, Chicago, Ill.
ATC, 1996. Seismic Evaluation and Retrofit of Concrete Buildings, Volume 1, ATC-40 Report, Applied Technology Council, Redwood City, California.
Bathe, K.J. 1982. Finite Element Procedures in Engineering Analysis, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J.
Bathe, K.J. and E. L. Wilson, 1976. Numerical Methods in Finite Element Analysis, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J.
Bathe, K.J., E. L. Wilson, and F. E. Peterson, 1974. SAP IV — A Structural Analysis Program for Static and Dynamic Response of Linear Systems, Report No. EERC 73-11, Earthquake Engineering Research Center, University of California, Berkeley.
Batoz, J.L. and M. B. Tahar, 1982. “Evaluation of a New Quadrilateral Thin Plate Bending Element,” International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, Vol. 18, pp. 1655–1677.
Caltrans, 1995. Bridge Design Specifications Manual, as amended to December 31, 1995, State of California, Department of Transportation, Sacramento, Calif.
Cook, R.D., D. S. Malkus, and M. E. Plesha, 1989. Concepts and Applications of Finite Element Analysis, 3rd Edition, John Wiley & Sons, New York, N.Y.
Cook, R.D. and W. C. Young, 1985. Advanced Mechanics of Materials, Macmillan, New York, N.Y.
Dowell, R.K., F. Seible, E.L. Wilson, "Pivot Hysteresis Model for Reinforced Concrete Members," ACI Struct. J., ACI, V. 95, No. 5, 1998, pp. 607-617
FEMA, 1997. NEHRP Guildelines for the Seismic Rehabilitation of Buildings, Developed by the Building Seismic Safety Council for the Federal Emergency Management Agency (Report No. FEMA 273), Washington, D.C.
Gupta, A.K., 1990. Response Spectrum Method in Seismic Analysis and Design of Structures, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Cambridge, Mass.
Hollings, J.P. and E. L. Wilson, 1977. 3–9 Node Isoparametric Planar or Axisymmetric Finite Element, Report No. UC SESM 78-3, Division of Structural Engineering and Structural Mechanics, University of California, Berkeley.
Ibrahimbegovic, A. and E. L. Wilson, 1989. “Simple Numerical Algorithms for the Mode Superposition Analysis of Linear Structural Systems with Nonproportional Damping,” Computers and Structures, Vol. 33, No. 2, pp. 523–531.
Ibrahimbegovic, A. and E. L. Wilson, 1991. “A Unified Formulation for Triangular and Quadrilateral Flat Shell Finite Elements with Six Nodal Degrees of Freedom,” Communications in Applied Numerical Methods, Vol. 7, pp. 1–9.
Malvern, L.E., 1969. Introduction to the Mechanics of a Continuous Medium, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J.
Nagarajaiah, S., A. M. Reinhorn, and M. C. Constantinou, 1991. 3D-Basis: Nonlinear Dynamic Analysis of Three-Dimensional Base Isolated Structures: Part II, Technical Report NCEER-91-0005, National Center for Earthquake Engineering Research, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, N. Y.
Park, Y.J., Y. K. Wen, and A. H-S. Ang, 1986. “Random Vibration of Hysteretic Systems under Bi-Directional Ground Motions,” Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, Vol. 14.
Roark, R.J. and W. C. Young, 1975. Formulas for Stress and Strain. 5th Edition, McGraw-Hill, New York, N.Y.
Takeda, T., M.A. Sozen, N.N. Nielsen, "Reinforced Concrete Response to Simulated Earthquakes," J. Struct. Engrg. Div., ASCE, V. 96, No. 12, 1970, pp. 2257-2573
Taylor, R.L. and J. C. Simo, 1985. “Bending and Membrane Elements for Analysis of Thick and Thin Shells,” Proceedings of the NUMEETA 1985 Conference, Swansea, Wales.
Terzaghi, K. and R. B. Peck, 1967. Soil Mechanics in Engineering Practice, 2nd Edition, John Wiley & Sons, New York, N.Y.
Timoshenko, S. and S. Woinowsky-Krieger, 1959. Theory of Plates and Shells, 2nd Edition, McGraw-Hill, New York, N.Y.
Wen, Y.K., 1976. “Method for Random Vibration of Hysteretic Systems,” Journal of the Engineering Mechanics Division, ASCE, Vol. 102, No. EM2.
White, D.L. and J. F. Hajjar, 1991. “Application of Second-Order Elastic Analysis in LRFD: Research to Practice,” Engineering Journal, ACI, Vol. 28, No. 4, pp. 133–148.
Wilson, E.L., 1970. SAP — A General Structural Analysis Program, Report No. UC SESM 70-20, Structural Engineering Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley.
Wilson, E.L., 1972. SOLID SAP — A Static Analysis Program for Three Dimensional Solid Structures, Report No. UC SESM 71-19, Structural Engineering Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley.
Wilson, E.L., 1985. “A New Method of Dynamic Analysis for Linear and Non-Linear Systems,” Finite Elements in Analysis and Design, Vol. 1, pp. 21–23.
Wilson, E.L., 1993. “An Efficient Computational Method for the Base Isolation and Energy Dissipation Analysis of Structural Systems,” ATC17-1, Proceedings of the Seminar on Seismic Isolation, Passive Energy Dissipation, and Active Control, Applied Technology Council, Redwood City, Calif.
Wilson, E.L., and M. R. Button, 1982. “Three Dimensional Dynamic Analysis for Multicomponent Earthquake Spectra,” Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, Vol. 10.
Wilson, E.L., A. Der Kiureghian, and E. P. Bayo, 1981. “A Replacement for the SRSS Method in Seismic Analysis,” Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, Vol. 9.
Wilson, E.L., and I. J. Tetsuji, 1983. “An Eigensolution Strategy for Large Systems,” Computers and Structures, Vol. 16.
Wilson, E.L., M. W. Yuan, and J. M. Dickens, 1982. “Dynamic Analysis by Direct Superposition of Ritz Vectors,” Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, Vol. 10, pp. 813–823.
Zayas, V. and S. Low, 1990. “A Simple Pendulum Technique for Achieving Seismic Isolation,” Earthquake Spectra, Vol. 6, No. 2.
Zienkiewicz, O. C. and R. L. Taylor, 1989. The Finite Element Method, 4th Edition, Vol. 1, McGraw-Hill, London.
Zienkiewicz, O. C. and R. L. Taylor, 1991. The Finite Element Method, 4th Edition, Vol. 2, McGraw-Hill, London.